The earlier trends in American societies was that individuals belonging to minority groups tended to be lower in self-esteem, but such trends have been shown to be disappearing as found by Lensing & Zagorun. Why do we need a concept of self? Meaning & Definition………………………………………………………………….2 3. References ………………………………………………………………………………8 In fact, he is the first to have begun calling patients “clients”. Thus, most people in modem society are influenced by so called middle-class values, whether they actually belong there or not. Needless to say, when such attitudes mediate or intervene in specific interactions or activities, the latter are likely to be influenced by the characteristics of these attitudes like direction and intensity, which results in consistency, stability and predictability of behaviour. Some people are least disturbed or concerned about things and events which happen somewhere and do not have any immediate concern for them. At the same time, he also learns to look at himself through the eyes of others and other important persons whom Sullivan would describe as ‘significant adults’ i.e., the individual learns to look at himself as he believes others are looking at him. Remedies ………………………………………………………………………………..7 If such a view is strictly accepted, then it may suggest that after a certain time the self stops growing. Development and Formation 6. In this context, some psychologists have even talked of ‘selves’ rather than a single ‘self to highlight the multi-dimensional and complex nature of the self. In the light of the above the description of the self by Sheriff appears to be relevant. Personality is a composite concept of an individual’ s psychological character, traits, habits, attitudes, motives, beliefs, and outlook that define the character of an individual. This expansion of the life space also results in gradual expansion and differentiation of the self itself. As a result of these interactions, two types of perceptions arise in the individual about himself. The concept of ‘self-disclosure’ has been brought into use in this context, by Rokeach while dealing with the problem of bringing about changes in values. 1 Great personalities like Buddha, Christ, and Mother Theresa were concerned about events and issues concerning entire humanity and their self-radius was very high. It has fallen short in providing an adequate account of human motivation. Social psychologists today are primarily interested in studying and understanding the concept of self in relation to the issue of how an individual develops a sense of personal and social identity and individuality which in turn results in selective, consistent, stable and continuous behaviour. hinting at some of the problems which have been analysed and studied in relation to the self, in contemporary psychology. A real milestone in the process of self-development is the acquisition of language, particularly spoken language. We may here make a reference to Sullivan’s concepts of ‘reflected appraisals’ and ‘consensual validations’. If we analyse behaviour into various units or elements, still there remains the significant problem of explaining and understanding the integration, stability and continuity, often over years, in human behaviour. use the term self and ego synonymously. The self aspects belonging to the Personal and Relational self concepts are discussed below. Personality expresses itself from within an individual and is comparatively regular throughout in an individual’s life. The ‘self’ therefore has returned to centre stage of psychology after being discarded. Many of us were disturbed by the famine conditions in Somalia, when we see the photographs in newspapers and magazines. 5. In psychoanalytic terms the’ self arises and grows in the process of ‘reality distinction’. Disclaimer Copyright, Psychology Discussion - Discuss Anything About Psychology, Psychology: Essay on Psychology | College Essays, Dependence Process of a Child | Essay | Child | Social Psychology, Essay on Attitude: Top 8 Essays | Human Behaviour | Psychology, Essay on Social Psychology: Top 3 Essays | Branches | Psychology, How to Solve Your Personal Problems? Estimated Word Count = 695 Though some of the early psychologists like William James, Baldwin and also sociologists like Coolie and Mead took a very active interest in describing and analysing the term ‘self in terms of its development and functions, scientific psychology in its initial stages out of its obsession to imitate physics, chemistry and physiology shunned the use of the term ‘self particularly because of the phobia that it may lead psychology away from the objective method and result in subjective and speculative analysis. Some people have a less extended involvement and some people a more extended involvement. It could be someone you know personally or a celebrity, politician or historical figure. This is my possibility, as I offer a very clear view of my individuality. Honesty, openness, integrity, etc., are examples of personal values which become integral parts of one’s self-system. Thus when a large number of young people were mercilessly shot by the Chinese Communist regime, a few years ago when they were agitating for democratic rights, we were upset. Behaviour of the self feeling hungry does not eat anything and everything about.. Proceeds to indicate that the ‘ self, according to Mead, and! S traits according to Sullivan ’ s concepts of ‘ reflected appraisals ’ and ‘ soul.. Become integral parts of an assignment on social science some extent or other by subjective.. Understanding how to counsel people relating to behaviour where we attribute characteristics others... 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